The cultural implication of the lion forest rockery
The rockery is graceful and exquisitely beautiful. The Lion Rock in Suzhou is an outstanding representative. According to Gu Jiegang's "Shi Zhi notes", "the stone of the lion Lin Weizhu (noodle force) from Taihu was not sent to the Kaifeng and the emblem of Qinbei, but in Suzhou, and the monks built the garden in the Song Dynasty." Taihu stone has the characteristics of "thin, wrinkled, leaky and transparent": thin, clear line of stone body, handsome and upright, wrinkle, and wrinkle, the surface of the stone body has a lot of concave and convex, uneven, and the leak, the interior of the stone body is filled with holes, and the pores are set, dense and dense; through, the texture of the stone body is translucent, so very delicate. Therefore, delicate and exquisite The Taihu stone has always been the first choice for people to build gardens. Then, there were only the emblem of the Northern Song Dynasty for the construction of Imperial Garden - gen Yue. At that time, Suzhou had set up "should be given the bureau". Zhu Chong, Zhu Dong and his son sent people to ship the top grade Taihu stone to Beijing. Who knew that the Northern Song Dynasty was destroyed before the transportation, and a large number of Taihu stones remained in the northeast corner of Suzhou city. In the later Yuan Dynasty, the Tien Zen Buddhist master chose this place and mainly used Shi Zilin's exquisite Lake stone left by the Northern Song Dynasty. From then on, the lion forest is famous for the rockery. The lion forest rockery has experienced more than 600 years of rain and rain baptism from the Yuan Dynasty to the Yuan Dynasty. Although the owners of the dynasties have made some repairs to them, in general, they still keep the original form at the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty. In the country, it has been alone.
In the rockery of lion forest, the most impressive figure is the largest stone mountain in Taihu before Bai Xuan. On the top of the Dagan mountain, there are stalagmites of forest and Taihu stone peak, and the mountains are stacked by the Taihu stone erect. The twists and turns of the mountain walk through the Yu Feng, ridge, valley and cave. The style of the rockery can be traced back to the Northern Wei Dynasty. According to "Luoyang blue records", the rockery named yangyangshan in the private residence of Zhang Lun, "heavy Yan Fu Ling," is embedded in the Xiang, deep hole gully, Wei Wei connection. Rugged stone road, like Yong Yong Tong, towering ravine Road, disk straight. The famous contemporary garden expert, from the Jiangnan garden chronicles, said: "Jingyang is just like the Lion Forest in Wuzhong today." In the Song Hui zzon, the gen Yue is also a twists and turns in the pedal ring. There are dozens of caves, and the stones are listed on the roadside, the water and the hillsides. The stone peak is named for the lion, the moon, the jade, and so on. The great rockery of the lion forest is the only physical example of this kind of rockery, which is a typical representative of the art of rockery in the classical Chinese gardening art before the Ming Dynasty, and occupies an indelible position in the history of the Chinese rockery art. Therefore, the rockery stone forest can be said to be the main artistic feature of lion forest. In the eyes of many people, the lion forest has become the pronoun of the classical style rockery.