Bainite and bejia ancestral shrine
The village and the ancestral hall were the product of reflecting the social relations of the feudal clan before the founding of new China, or exactly before the land reform. Yi Zhuang is a charitable organization with the category of the same and the same ethnic group. "Benyi Zhuang is a consortium legal person" in the terms of the bainite statute. "The nature is charity, the purpose is to save the family", "to measure the relief of poverty, support the old and the weak, reward the poor children's education, and other help cause". Ancestral hall is a place of worship for the ancestor of the same clan. Yi Zhuang management agencies are often set up with ancestral temples, which are managed by volunteers and assigned to the ancestral hall. The ancestral hall can be built in accordance with the traditional customs of the fifth generation. There are two private houses and two ancestral halls in the history of the bainite family in Suzhou.
Remnant Yi Zhuang
Zhejiang Lanxi Baini (Lantang Gong) from the middle of the Ming Dynasty, from the middle of the Ming Dynasty to Suzhou, flourish, generation generation, from generation to generation, from the fourth Bei Qizuo to today, there are two main lines: one is the mountain public, one is the valley public, about seventeenth or eighteen. According to the number of family branches, there is more than one in the valley. Bejigne, the male of the twelfth world, established the remnant Yi Zhuang in Suzhou to complete his grandfather's long cherished wish of three, his father Bei Province, and his wife, Wang's wife, Wang's wife, Zunyi's wife (and Zi Yanzong). From the three years of the Qing Dynasty (1877), at the beginning of the December, four Bei Jin in his "set up the Yi Zhuang Yuan and the county study Thai" and the Jiangsu tour Wu Yuanbing can see that bainite "for the collusion of the land to contribute to the family", the Yi Zhuang farm is located in Changzhou yuan and two counties, five hundred mu six cents nine mm in the field, and the year's rents five hundred and eleven stone three Dou three In addition to the sacrifice and sweep, the rest will always be used to support the poor, and a ninety-four rafter of real estate is located. Guangxu four (1878) early November nine, "according to Yee Chin" to allow the establishment of remaining Yuan Zhuang. This is the first home of the Baini family built in Suzhou.
After decades of painstaking efforts, the social contradictions and current situation are hard to maintain. In the 25 year of the Republic of China (thirteen), the son of Bejigne (1936) wrote that "the beneficiaries do not look forward to the newspaper, and the beneficiaries do not forget the virtues." It means to meet. "In recent years, the tenant problem, many ways to keep in trouble, and start to play, and then stubborn", "the owner of the income of every year so greatly reduced, Yoshida to support the needs of the family, a few can not maintain the situation in the past."
From the establishment of the Yi Zhuang village to the operation of several decades, the main purpose is to take the lead of the Bainiu Valley public. However, Yi Chuang Hui and other bainite people from other branches of the same clan. When remaining Yu Yi Zhuang was in trouble, Bei Renyuan (character embellish) the public branch of the mountain, thirteenth, in the 7 year of the Republic of China (1918), the Republic of China 25 years (1936) two hands in aid, and donated silver twelve thousand yuan. When the Republic of the Republic of China was donated for 7 years, according to the regulations of the Yi Zhuang Zhou clan, Bei Jia ancestral temple (near the Tung bridge in Huqiu) gave the father of Bei Ren Yuan the memorial memorial to the temple.
Cheng Yi Yi Zhuang
The second family of the bainite family is the independent training village established by the thirteenth generation of Bainen yuan. In the 23 years of the Republic of China (1934), in July, Bei Ren Yuan demonstrated his aspiration and purpose in founding his righteousness village. First, he took Fan Zhongyan and bainite as the example. "We have the Yi Zhuang village from the beginning of the Fan Wen Zheng, and the public is given by the public. The two is that he wants his grandfather Bei Xifan, his father Beckham, his uncle Bei Jiayou, and his uncle Bei Jiayou. Three, he thought, "it is better to give birth to children and grandchildren than to the descendants of the descendants of Germany, so that we may have children and grandchildren who are born with public property." The heart of Bei Renyuan's good deeds has existed for a long time, not just oral statements, nor is it merely helping the needy of our own family.
Her mother died at the age of 13 and was remedied by ethnic groups. At the age of 16, he was an apprentice to Shanghai's Rukang paints. "Simple outdoors is also supported by Yu Yi Zhuang." Because of his loyalty and diligence, he was 28 years old as the manager of Rui Kang pigment line. He was quite business savvy, when indigo blue was popular in Shanghai, and Chinese traditional fabrics were easy to fade after printing and dyeing. The German Bayer company invented the chemical substitute and was trying to enter the Chinese market. After learning, he learned to get the distribution right of the company's products in China, and named it "Yin Dan Lin" and set up a sales network throughout the country. Bei Renyuan won the title of pigment king. The blouses of this pigment have become the fashion and representative of the gentlemen and the successful people. Therefore, the popular "sweater" in Shanghai is said to be the same. German pigment failed to enter China during the first World War in 1914. The large amount of pigments that were hoarded by the prewar shellfish has earned high profits (another statement that a large number of contracts were signed with Bayer company in Germany before the war, because the Bayer company was unable to perform the contract. In 1911, he served as associate and vice president of the Shanghai business association, and co sponsored the Shanghai General Chamber of Commerce in 1912. She was elected vice president of the National Federation of Commerce in 1915. While he was successful in business, he contributed 100 thousand of the silver yuan to support the 1911 Revolution; he contributed 5500 yuan to Hunan to relieve the disaster; with the initiative of other people, the Shanghai business community established the "Pu Yi process Institute" to accommodate the children of the poor and the orphans. With the support of Bei, Huang Yanpei founded the famous Chinese vocational school, which invested 10 thousand yuan.
Bei Renyuan did not forget the nurture of his hometown. In 1916, 12500 yuan was donated to create the first public kindergarten in Suzhou - the East Wuxian Kindergarten (in the middle of jiixiang). In 1929, the bridge and the nearby road on the south side of the Suzhou Railway Station were built (the new road is to pass all the shellfish, the shellfish agreed to expropriate) and improved the fire. The traffic between the station and the ancient city area is named "Meishan bridge" (that is, Ping men bridge) to commemorate its father. His good deeds have proved that it is a willingness to be good at charity, help the poor and help the public.
In 22 years (1933), the Wuxian government, the provincial Civil Affairs Department and the Ministry of internal affairs of the Republic of China were submitted to the Republic of China. In the 24 year (1935) of the Republic of China (1935) in December, the government of the government of the Republic of China was allowed to be set up. From the list of registration items, Yi Zhuang "set up business in Suzhou City lion forest", the total amount of cash 60 thousand yuan, 1361 acres 08 mm 6 cents in the field, housing 4 into 33, total 134443 yuan 4 angles 4. The directors are Bei Renyuan, Bei Yikui, son of Berite and Berite. Before the establishment of the Zhuang Yi Zhuang village, the Lion Forest in Suzhou had been purchased by Bei Ren Yuan. After the establishment of the Yi Zhuang village, the management of the shlin garden was clearly defined in the rules and regulations of the manager of the Yi Zhuang. In addition, 50 thousand yuan income was put forward as a repair expenditure in the garden. This shows that although lion forest is purchased for Bei Renyuan (the two stone tablets of the north and south of the lion forest enclosure), it is not used for personal enjoyment, but for sharing among the clansmen. At that time, when the old famous gardens were rebuilt, the people in Suzhou talked about "run life (that is, Bei Renyuan) not to settle down or build a house, but to build a shrine and repair the garden is a huge expense." Old Mr. Ieoh Ming Pei also said when he visited lion forest again, "he often came to play when he was young."
There are division of labor between the two classes, such as "the family genealogy is restored to the two villages, and its money belongs to the distribution of the Zhuang village". However, because of the abundant financial strength of BEIR yuan and the large population of the hidden valley public branch, the same clan and other ethnic groups were also greatly helped by Bei Ren Yuan. On the eve of the liberation of Suzhou, the descendants of the Beth family distributed all the products to the tenants.
Cheng's festival of filial piety (Shan Bei Tong's ancestral hall)
The fourth generation of bainite, a Confucian scholar of the Ming Dynasty, a Ru and a Ru in the Ming Dynasty, and his great grandson, the son of the great grandson (the son of the Kun Valley), in the two years of Qianlong (1737), declared to the court for thirty-four years of his great grandmother, and for his father to suck his father's filial piety. Qianlong three years (1738) approved the festival of filial piety, and allocated funds in the Qianlong ten years (1745) to build Cheng's festival Xiao Fang. The following year, the family built three ancestral shrines in the rear, and three buildings in the rear house, two pavilions beside the garden, and three houses after the pavilion. Two ancestral houses in front of the ancestral shrine serve as shrines for the shrine to eat. It was recorded that the memorial tablet of the great grandmother, grandmother and mother who only served the bezunpu Pu at that time. The ten years (1860) of Xianfeng's ancestral temple was destroyed by the war. Tongzhi early reconstruction of the family ancestral temple. From the historical records, we can see that the official family was built by Cheng's festival, and the ancestral hall was built by the Baini family.
Baini Temple (lion Lin Pang)
According to Mr. Lu Xiao Xiao, there is a legend that Bei Ren Yuan built the lion forest and the temple of the beejia family. "To build a temple to return to the ancestral temple, we must meet two conditions. First, we must build the" Yi Zhuang ", and the two is to build a clan school so that we can build branches. He promised the conditions and bought the lion forest (for the purpose of building an ancestral temple) and built the ancestral hall, the Yi Zhuang, the ethnic school (the office building of the Lion Forest Management Office, the Republic style architecture). " In fact, according to the regulations laid down in the pedigree of Wu Zhong, the amount of donation can reach a certain amount to collect the family. In other words, if you do not have the economic strength, you will want to return to your ancestors. This is not a family surname, but a common reflection of the feudal clan society at that time.
In 1918, when he bought lion forest, he began to build ancestral hall beside the garden. The ancestral hall is based on the pattern of marriage, heaven, government, square and land. The walls of the first hall and the main hall are dedicated to the male ancestor's memorial tablet. The second enters the house and the attached building for the ancestral Cheng she and her female tablets. The third entry is the attached room. In 1934 - 1935, a new ancestral hall of Bainen yuan (that is, continuation of the Shan Gong branch) was offered for offering sacrifices, and all the bainitic branches of Suzhou were offered sacrifices. In 1937, the shrine was opened. (see the plaque at Baini ancestral hall collected in the Museum of folk art)
In 1953, Bei Huanzhang, the grandson of Bain and other later generations, handed over to the government all the lions, ancestral halls, property and schools. After a little renovation in February 1954, some parts of Lion Forest and ancestral hall were opened to the public. Now the first one is changed into the hall, and the other two is now the folk custom museum.
A review of a family's history is not about restoring ancient times and advocating feudal ethics. As family and family are the cells that constitute a society, the study of family and clan is necessary for the study of human development. Since we have been influenced by the "left" guiding ideology in the past, we have not paid much attention to it for a long time, so many of us do not understand some of the names of the past. Many people do not know the history of their own family, and ask the people who have the four or five generations of their own people's names. Come out (a little bit better from the countryside). I saw an exhibition hall under the Statue of Liberty in New York, USA, showing a map of the United States marked with the name and subsequent changes of the earliest family of the United States. The staff of the exhibition hall told us that many young and middle school students from all over the country come to root and ask their ancestors every year. The Chinese nation has a long history, and the family history is the most basic part of it. We should further study and try to excavate the outstanding historical remains of the Chinese nation. Today, we advocate the construction of socialist and attainable society, such as respecting the old and loving the young, the good and the good, the help of the poor, the public welfare, the family and the family and so on, which can be found in our history and tradition. We should take the essence from tradition and carry forward the fine inheritance of our nation. It is a great relief that this historical study has attracted much attention, and the Shanghai library has been collecting genealogies, genealogies and setting up a special library for readers at the end of the last century. The pedigree of Wu Zhong is displayed in the museum as a sample.