Study on the value of the lion forest rockery
The rockery of lion forest can be divided into two different periods from the age of construction. It has been over 600 years since the main rockery (Hyam) area, the rockery on the island (the water rockery) area and the southern rockery area (the above three areas are mainly called the main rockery). The Western rockery (earth Hill), the rockery near the pavilion, and the Huangshi rockery (small Chibi) are the last one of the garden owners in 1918. Two different periods of rockery, the value of each has its own characteristics. The main rockery has a long history and contains Zen meaning. It is the only remnant of the early Chinese cave type rockery group. It has a long history: the first time of construction was that the lion forest was founded in the Yuan Dynasty for two years, and in the 1342, "heaven was created as the master of the Zen master Wei Wei" in the 1342. To know the source of its acceptance. ("Lion Forest collection" Ouyang Xuan "Teacher Lin Lin Bodhi orthodox temple").
Another said: according to the famous painter Zhu Derun of the Yuan Dynasty, "the lion forest map" recorded, the Yuan Dynasty tading (1324-1328 AD), Zhu De (1294-1365) from the capital back to Suzhou, in the lion forest and Wei Wei will be. "Because of its forest cover, the Cang stone stands upright, and the so-called teacher is suddenly caught in it." There are differences between the two versions of the lion forest, but there is no contradiction. It is recorded in historical records that "the former generation of the original generation of the noble family". ("Lion Forest collection" Ouyang Xuan "Teacher Lin Lin Bodhi orthodox temple"). It was also said that the Huizhou emperor in Northern Song dynasty built a rockery in the BIE liang of the capital city, and sent officials to the south of the Yangtze River to select Taihu stone. Some of the lakes that had not been transported were shelved in a barren garden (Gu Jiegang's history and culture of Suzhou). In the 1342, in the first two years, the lion forest as a "monastery" should be the conclusion of history, and the rockery stacking in the garden was earlier than the "temple opening".
Contains Zen: Lion Grove is different from the ordinary literati landscape garden, its rockery group contains deep Zen meaning, reflecting the founder of Shi Zilin's religious thought. Zhu Derun, a famous painter in the Yuan Dynasty, wrote a dialogue between Zhu Derun and Victoria in Shi Zilin's preface, which expressed the idea of establishing a garden in Wei. "Because of the shade of the wood, the so-called teacher's peak, all of a sudden, said that the words of the past Damour said," the Dragon elephant in the law "," the theory of wisdom ", said," the dragon power in the water is big and the land is great. " Does he mean that he can take the evil spirits with his power? The teacher said, "no, not." It is similar to the stone form, which is not false. If Wei Wei is used, Manjusri is inherently brave. The servant also said, "when the old man speaks as a teacher, how can he break all obstacles by his voice?" The teacher said, "no, not." There is no sound as well as sound. Is it self-evident? " The servant said, "it is self-evident, but I know it. It is self-evident that it is the only teacher. If the world is noisy, it can not be taken as a form of respect, but with our teacher's name, he will not be complacent when he meets the world. The truth of a teacher can break all kinds of absurdas, and plain can eliminate desires. If we are silent, we will not be able to palpitate despite the fact that we are silent. Although, in the view of Lin, although Shi Shi is heterogeneous, one is in the teacher, Shi is also in Shi. But if the teacher's stone two is forgotten? " The teacher says only the only. In the face of the lion - like Rocky Mountain, Wei expresses the idea that the idea of "the world is arrogant" can be "broken, and the calm can be eliminated". This is the true intention of Wei Wei to build a lion forest. The cave gully type rockery group has gone through the Cang sang, and remains to date. The historical data of the Cave Hill type rockery group were recorded in yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. In the Yuan Dynasty, the "Fourteen scenes of Shi Zilin" were called "humanity is in the city, and I doubt it is in Wanshan". In the Yuan Dynasty, Zhang Zhu (Zhong Ju), "the master of poetry, Lin Tian Tian, as a monk" wrote: "the old Zen jungle, Hugh garden, hidden hills, and so on. Grotesque stone tunnel... Bad rock bear, bottle and bottle. Yuwen Wen Yuan (Hao Zizhen) in the Yuan Dynasty praised Zai Lin as "boundless and boundless". Dao Yan in the Ming Dynasty (1335-1418 years), Yao Guangxiao.
In the "thirty rhymes of the teacher's forest", he describes the "shinyazi Zen place", "Jing blue is famous, the cave of Sheng Yu Lin house, the city of the strange crown and the whole village, the precarious show, the green bamboo glory". Qingzhou Zhao Zhixin (1662-1744) Qiu Gu, the old man on the evening. In the text, "master Zhang Yusan gave his master," (Zhang Shijun, Kangxi from the Qing Dynasty to the owner of the lion forest at the beginning of Qianlong Dynasty). Gradually, there is a practice to distinguish the ravine and the gully, and turn it through the torso, turning the deep hole to the ground, flying beams out of the eaves. " In the Qing Dynasty, Cao Kai "eight scenery of the teachers and forests - eight holes", "the hillock hills cross through each other, there are eight cave days, the inlaid potential is wrong, the cave is revolve, the visitors are in and out, and the Wuling immortals are suspicious." Seven years of Qing Xianfeng, 1857, Suzhou Xu cubic heavy issue of "Shi Zilin Ji Sheng Ji", the monk ancestor view writing preface "ancient to the rich clan of the rich clan chariot gardening, not not famous, no number of biography and grass, teachers Forest Stone for five hundred years, only preserve earth soil." This article is 515 years apart from the construction of the teacher's forest. In 1918, Bei Ren yuan bought the teacher's forest. In the fourteen year of the Republic of China, in the 1925 ad, it was called "the garden is a mountain stone" in the rework of the lion's forest. With its own yuan to the present, there are more than four hundred and more than two generations in the present, and the peaks are as old as the old, the gully remains and the light of Lu's palace. In 1830s, Dong Jun, a famous landscape architect, inspected the situation of Jiangnan gardens at that time, and wrote "Jiangnan garden Chronicles". The book says, "the art of stacking stones in the Six Dynasties is becoming more sophisticated. Zhang Lun in the Northern Wei Dynasty, the scenery of Yangshan. "Luoyang blue record", "Lun created Jingyang mountain, if natural. Among them, the heavy rock is complex, and it belongs to the Deep Creek cave. The rugged road is like a backwater, and it is lofty and raven. Jingyang is just like the Lion Forest in Wu Zhong. "In the end of the Yuan Dynasty, the monk Wei zigzag Wu Zhong, the plate ring twists and turns, descends not alone, the gully is twists and turns, is fascinated like the prose, so far it is the only person of the large-scale rockery, that is, the lion forest." In 1950s, the Berlin family donated the lion forest to the country. The rockery part was slightly renovated.
So far it is only perennial maintenance. The art inheritance and innovation of the Western rockery in the Republic of China. The Western rockery was built only in the period of the Republic of China to expand the area of the lion forest. From the point of view of the art of gardening, the overall layout and the original Lion Forest rockery echoed each other. The double fragrant fairy pavilion built on the mountain, asked the plum Pavilion, the Pavilion and the garden style of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Suzhou came down in one continuous line, the Western Corridor penetrated north and south, and made gardens, ancestral temples, and houses Closely linked, reproduced the Qing Dynasty Qianlong in the middle of the use of gardening techniques. The Western rockery stone piled heap mounds the mountain, commonly known as the earth mountain. It is the last garden owner of the Republic of China when the extension of the Bainen yuan, the dredging pool dredged along the wall. The area is about 1104 square meters. "The mountains and mountains are divided into three levels, with both sides of the mountain and the mountain road decorated with Taihu stone to prevent rain from washing. In a long look, it makes people feel their style and the great rockery. Shimaama Harukaharuka is the same. The north of the Xishan Mountain is high in the north and low in the south. There is a cave at the north end. It can go up or down the mountain in the cave, and there is an artificial waterfall in the middle. In the south, there are less rocks and trees planted on the slope. Here are the "flat hill slope, the mausoleum, the stone, the foothills of the mountains, the broken valley of the river." (see "the lion forest" Zhang Chenghua) the Western rockery in the layout, design, stack and built on the rockery in the style of the style inherited the style of Suzhou garden, especially the style of Suzhou garden in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. However, the gardeners in the period of the Republic of China were also innovative. During the construction of an artificial waterfall beside plum Pavilion, a water tank, about 1.5 meters high, about 2 meters long and about 1 meters wide, was built behind the high wall of the top of the waterfall. The water tank was filled with artificial water tank, and the plug was opened at the bottom of the water tank, and the water came down to form a waterfall. The construction of this artificial waterfall has never been seen in the history of the construction of classical gardens in Suzhou. Rockfall stacking of artificial waterfalls is a classic in modern rockery works. The rockery is uniform in color and texture, and the texture moves towards nature. The gap between the top of the mountain and the lake is about 9.1 meters, and the average width of the mountain stream is only 3 meters. There are five steps in the mountain stream. When the artificial springs fall from the sky, the turbulent flow, the murmur of the water, the gully mountain, the green trees on both sides, and the five fold springs in nature are lifelike here. The value of the art of the Western rockery is sublimated here. The ancient cave remains of the lion forest have become part of the world's cultural heritage. China remains the only one in the world. Do we all have such a consensus?